In order to develop a better understanding of how to treat esophageal cancer, a large amount of research that spans over the course of decades must be conducted. Accurate and comprehensive data can only be collected by studying cases of esophageal cancer across the globe from different groups based on age, sex, histology, and other significant factors.
New research published in The American Journal of Gastroenterology has indicated that significant changes in the rate of two types of esophageal cancers are expected to occur over the next decade.
Rising rates of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) have been noted in high-income countries. This concerning information led to a study of esophageal cancer cases that included data gathered from across 12 countries spanning over the course of the past 15 years. This comprehensive information was used to predict the number of new EAC cases expected to occur by the year 2030.
Due to changes in the demographics and rapid increases in the risk of developing EAC in these areas studied, the number of EAC cases in high-income countries is expected to be 1 in 100 in men by 2030.
The study also revealed a change in the expected rate of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).
Historically, the incidence rate of ESCC has been higher than that of EAC in men and women across the world. New data has shown a uniform decline in ESCC rates, and in many countries the rate of EAC has surpassed that of ESCC.
One of the potential reasons for this decline is the shifting view of tobacco use in many of these countries. Smoking is one of the leading risks factors for ESCC, and the notable decrease in smoking in high-income countries has been linked to the notable decrease in diagnosed cases of ECC.
Center for Esophageal Wellness is committed to providing our patients with the information, diagnostic testing, and procedures they need to properly address and manage all of their foregut issues. If you are in need of compassionate and comprehensive care, please contact us to schedule a consultation with board-certified general surgeon Dr. Reginald Bell.